Dr. Siobhán Clarke
These pages describe DSG's research on smart cities, which is part of
Future Cities. The Trinity Centre for Smart and Sustainable Cities
An increasing proportion of the world’s population lives in cities placing an increasing strain on their transportation, security, business, telecommunications, water-management, and energy-supply systems. To improve quality of life and ensure sustainability, future smart cities will increasingly rely on information and communications technology to optimise the performance of these systems. DSG’s research is investigating the design of the middleware needed to support such cities. Our work is focused on the exploitation of data from very diverse sensors, including those contributed by individuals, to enable (semi) automatic management of city-scale services. In particular, we are investigating the design of new programming models, middleware architectures, communication infrastructures, and advanced analytics to allow sensor data to be gathered, transported, and interpreted effectively to optimise urban resource usage and service delivery, and thereby improve the quality of life and sustainability of cities.
It is expected that 5 billion people representing 60% of the world’s population will live in urban areas by 2030 (United Nations, 2007). The growth of cities is an evolving phenomenon that is often unplanned leading to serious social problems such as traffic congestion, crime, noise pollution, energy wastage, and high levels of carbon dioxide emissions. The solutions to these problems are elusive but ICT can act as an enabler both in terms of making available the information needed by citizens, politicians, and local authorities to manage cities and create the impetus for corrective actions, and in terms of enabling more efficient management of available resource and service delivery. While ever growing demand places increasing pressure on finite resources, wasteful modes of delivery mean that we are not using them as efficiently as possible. This lack of resource optimisation is compounded by poor decision-making due to lack of accurate and real-time information about what resources are being used at any given time and where supply/demand imbalances lie.
Research AreasOur current research is focused in four areas:
DSG's research on future cities is carried out within Lero: The Irish Software Engineering Research Centre and NEMBES: The Networked EMbedded Systems Centre as well as with the support of Science Foundation Ireland, Enterprise Ireland, and the Framework 7 ARTEMIS JTI in the following projects: